Difference between DBMS and RDBMS

Difference between DBMS and RDBMS

Today in this post, you are going to learn a lot about the database. But before going into details, let’s have a look at what is meant by the database. Difference between DBMS and RDBMS. You can know a database as a collection of electronic records that, when needed, are processed to produce beneficial information. Processing of this data goes through many stages like accessing, modification, management, controlling, and organizing.

The data found in the system is usually summed up in rows, columns, and tables to make processing of workload and data querying efficient. Different types of databases include Object-oriented, Relational, Distributed, Hierarchical, Network, and others.

Many enterprises and fields (like the army) in a country have sensitive and critical databases. These data are mission-sensitive and security-sensitive, which grows with time. Such enterprises or companies need a system that can secure, maintain, manage and process their data timely.

This is when the Database Management Systems come to the rescue.

Databases are originally meant to store data that can be accessed anytime for use by other applications. This system was invented to support the improvement and administration of database platforms.

What is DBMS?

DBMS is the short form of the database management system. It was introduced in the 1960s. It is software designed to store, retrieve, define and manage data in a database. DBMS is a systematic approach followed by enterprises to manage their databases and the workload through an interface for its users. The central role of DBMS in an enterprise is to secure and manage the data in the database, the process applied for access and modification, and the structure of the database.

Apart from these responsibilities, DBMS is also involved in operations like disaster recovery, compliance, monitoring performance, or management change. DBMS comprises essential components like software, data, procedure, database languages, Querry processor, and runtime database manager. It also includes a database manager, database engine, and reporting.

The enterprises introduce the DBMS system to achieve many more benefits. These benefits include data security, data sharing, data access and auditing, data integration, abstraction and independence, and uniform management and independence.

If an organization fails to maintain the optimal functionality of a DBMS system, it will experience heavy losses. There are many systems available that differ from each in size, cost, and performance. A company should evaluate which architecture to select according to its needs and uses.

What is RDBMS?

RDBMS is the short form of the relational database management system. RDBMS can be a group of programs and potential that allows IT teams to interact with a relational database. It facilitates IT teams for creation, updating, administering, and interacting.

They store data in tables for commercial RDBMS using a structured query language (SQL). However, this language came into existence after the formation of RDBMS. Hence it is not mandatory to be used by an RDBMS.

The RDBMS is considered the most reliable and popular among database management systems across the world. Organizations can genuinely depend on it for storing and retrieving an enormous amount of data. It’s easy to use and implement.

RDBMS provides a facility to use by some users at a time. They can handle any amount of data, whether small or large. The structure of data in RDBMS is based on an ACID model that allows consistency, and it offers complete aid for distributed databases.

They create, read, update and delete operations. This together known as CRUD. Businesses are executing this form to support the ongoing treatment of data. They are handy in the handling of data as they usually provide data dictionaries and metadata collections. This system widely used by organizations like banking, human resources, and manufacturing. Aswell in universities and ticket services.

What is the difference between DBMS and RDBMS?

If you unaware of the database systems known as DBMS and RDBMS before reading this blog, know you have a better knowledge of them now. But what if we differentiate between them together side by side. This will make things more straightforward for you.

  • Data in DBMS structure in hierarchal form, whereas data in RDBMS store in tabular form.
  • As we know already, DBMS can support one user at a time, unlike RDBMS that is competent enough to support multiple users at a time.
  • RDBMS offers giant software and hardware than DBMS.
  • RDBMS can manage an unlimited amount of data, but DBMS can manage only a tiny amount of data.
  • Unlike DBMS, RDBMS is based on the structure of the ACID model. ACID means atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability.
  • DBMS stores data in the form of files, and RDBMS stores data in the form of tables.
  • DBMS works to manage the data in the computer, whereas RDBMS sustains the connection of tables in the database.
  • RDBMS supports integrity, unlike DBMS.
  • DBMS cannot normalized, whereas RDBMS can normalize.
  • RDBMS support distributed database but DBMS don’t.
  • RDBMS represents relationships using external keys, unlike DBMS that do not contribute relationships defined for the data.
  • There are several log files available in RDBMS that provide excellent data security. However, DBMS loses data security.
  • DBMS satisfies less than seven Dr. E.F. Codd Rules, whereas RDBMS satisfies 8 to 10 Dr. E.F. Codd Rules.
  • Data fetching is more passive for multiple and extensive quantities of data in DBMS. In contrast, data fetching in RDBMS is speedy because of its relational method.
  • Keys and indexes in the RDBMS model do not allow any data redundancy, unlike DBMS, where data redundancy is common.
  • DBMS is a file system that has models like XML, Windows Registry, etc. Models of RDBMS are MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, etc.


We hope this blog helped you in finding out more about DBMS and RDBMS. After discussing a lot about them, we pointed out critical differences between both systems. Nonetheless, both works to store data in physical databases. But there is good news for everyone: there are many software available in the market today that fit with both DBMS and RDBMS.

Also read: Difference between yogurt and curd.


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