What is diarrhea, and how does it manifest itself?
The most important criteria for diarrhea, also known medically as diarrhea or diarrhea, are mushy or watery stools. Usually more than three times a day. In the following article, we get to know about How to stop diarrhea? So don’t skip the article from anywhere and read it carefully because it’s going to be very useful for you guys.
The World Health Organization defines diarrhea as follows
- More than three bowel movements per day
- Mushy to fluid, watery stool
- More than 250 grams of stool per day
A fundamental distinction is made between acute and chronic diarrhea.
Infection usually causes acute diarrhea. A compulsory course usually begins suddenly and can last up to two weeks. Acute diarrhea caused by conditions is typically harmless to stop diarrhea. Unpleasant side effects and symptoms of acute diarrhea are often:
- Feeling of pressure in the abdomen
- Abdominal pain, abdominal cramps
Prolonged diarrhea is called chronic diarrhea. If diarrhea persists, a doctor should always be consulted.
What are the causes of diarrhea?
Diarrhea has a wide variety of causes to stop diarrhea. These range from infection to chronic inflammation and irritable bowel syndrome. On the one hand, there can be a disturbed absorption of water and salts in the intestine to stop diarrhea. However, it is also possible that diarrhea results from an increased release of water and salts into the intestinal lumen (secretion) to stop diarrhea. An interplay between the two mechanisms is also possible, for example, in the case of inflammation of the intestine. In the case of irritable bowel syndrome, changes in bowel movements (motility) can trigger diarrhea.
The most important causes of diarrhea at a glance
- Infections by bacteria, viruses and other pathogens or by their toxins (poisons). The condition occurs, for example, through droplet or smear disease or the consumption of spoiled food.
- Food intolerances such as lactose intolerance, fructose or sorbitol malabsorption, or celiac disease
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Chronic inflammation in the intestine, such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or microscopic colitis
- Medicines that affect the intestine, such as antibiotics, antidepressants, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, pain relievers such as NSAIDs and many more
- Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
- Bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine
- Psychological triggers such as fear and stress
What tips are there against diarrhea?
To avoid acute diarrheal illnesses, particular hygiene and behavioural rules should be heeded to stop diarrhea. One of the most important measures is frequent hand washing!
Travelling also helps avoid tap water and products made from it to stop diarrhea, such as ice cubes, fruit juice, etc. Fruit and vegetables should be peeled or washed thoroughly with sterile water to stop diarrhea.
What treatments are there for diarrhea?
In principle, it is essential in the case of diarrhea to identify the underlying cause and treat it. Diarrhea itself is treated symptomatically to stop diarrhea. If you lose a lot of fluids, it can lead to life-threatening dehydration, in which case it is imperative to act quickly to stop diarrhea.
Infants, toddlers and the elderly particularly at risk of dehydration caused by diarrhea.
Your pharmacy has numerous remedies for diarrhea, from medications that replace fluids and electrolytes to products to build up the intestinal flora, products based on protective films that protect the inflamed intestinal mucosa, to motility inhibitors (inhibitors of bowel movements).
Replacement of fluids and electrolytes (= essential therapy for diarrhea)
However, fluids and electrolytes must replace in the case of diarrhea that has lost a lot of liquid in a short period. Unique rehydration solutions are suitable for this.
Anticonvulsants and bowel movement inhibitors
In the case of severe abdominal cramps, antispasmodics (antispasmodics) can bring relief. Under certain circumstances, drugs can also inhibit bowel movements and thus reduce the number of bowel movements.
Depending on the cause of diarrhea, treatment with antibiotics may be possible. The doctor decides whether this makes sense in a specific case – that is, whether there is a bacterial infection or not.
The administration of probiotics in capsules, yoghurts, drinks etc., can shorten the duration of acute diarrhea (by about a day), but their main application area is prevention.
Protective film-based products to protect the intestinal mucosa
Gelatin tannate works quickly, safely and reliably in acute diarrhea.
Also read: how to share location in WhatsApp